Urbanization and Hospitalization of Adults for Asthma
Speaker: Hailu Kassa, PhD, MPH, MS
Professor, Department of Public and Allied Health
Bowling Green State
Level of Knowledge: Basic
Air pollution levels in the Ethiopia capital of Addis Ababa are presumed to be high based on
qualitative assessments and limited monitoring efforts. To address large data
gaps regarding air pollution levels, a preliminary survey of carbon monoxide
(CO) exposures was conducted in Addis
Ababa in January and March 2005. CO levels were
monitored near roadways and during short and long commutes. Mean exposure levels ranged from 9.0 to
31.2ppm. One-minute maximum levels ranged from 15 to 60ppm. The data suggests
that the World Health Organization CO exposure guidelines of 26ppm as a one
hour average and 9ppm as an eight hour average may be exceeded on a regular basis.
This data set affirms that a more complete assessment of air pollution levels
is warranted to develop data-driven policy, balancing the need for economic
development and the protection of public health.
- Outline the general air pollution conditions in Addis Ababa and list
drivers of the worsening air pollution situation in the city
- Identify the resources and information needs required
for a comprehensive assessment of air quality conditions in Addis Ababa
- Compare the social/political/economic context for
developing air pollution control policy in Ethiopia
and the U.S.