Community Urbanization and Hospitalization of Adults for Asthma



Speaker:                     Hailu Kassa, PhD, MPH, MS

Assistant Professor, Department of Public and Allied Health

Bowling Green State University



Level of Knowledge: Basic




Air pollution levels in the Ethiopia capital of Addis Ababa are presumed to be high based on qualitative assessments and limited monitoring efforts. To address large data gaps regarding air pollution levels, a preliminary survey of carbon monoxide (CO) exposures was conducted in Addis Ababa in January and March 2005. CO levels were monitored near roadways and during short and long commutes.  Mean exposure levels ranged from 9.0 to 31.2ppm. One-minute maximum levels ranged from 15 to 60ppm. The data suggests that the World Health Organization CO exposure guidelines of 26ppm as a one hour average and 9ppm as an eight hour average may be exceeded on a regular basis. This data set affirms that a more complete assessment of air pollution levels is warranted to develop data-driven policy, balancing the need for economic development and the protection of public health.


Learning Objectives:


  1. Outline the general air pollution conditions in Addis Ababa and list drivers of the worsening air pollution situation in the city
  2. Identify the resources and information needs required for a comprehensive assessment of air quality conditions in Addis Ababa
  3. Compare the social/political/economic context for developing air pollution control policy in Ethiopia and the U.S.