Drinking Water Security and Public Health Disease Surveillance
Cynthia Yund, PhD, Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
The US EPA has been working with water utilities and the health departments to develop, utilize, and evaluate a variety of public health surveillance data streams for use in a drinking water contamination warning system (CWS). This presentation discusses the interdependencies between these organizations for event detection. Implementation of a CWS involves close coordination and communication between the water utility and local health departments in terms of planning, surveillance trigger validation, and response.
the lead federal agency ensuring water security, the United States Environmental
Protection Agency has tested tools for the integration of public health data
with water quality data. Prototype contamination warning systems use
geo-spatial and temporal analysis of water quality and human healthcare-seeking
data from a variety of sources. Data from utilities include spatial
characteristics of the distribution system as well as near real time water
analysis or grab sample data. Examples
of public health data resources include
At the end of this session, attendees will be able to:
1. Identify the role of the US EPA for water security.
2. Describe approaches for the integration of public health surveillance data and water quality data for detection of a water-borne outbreak cause by a drinking water contamination incident.
3. Characterize the data streams comprising a water contamination warning system.